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Shanghai, Hu for short, also known as Shen, is a multi-cultural metropolis with both modern and traditional chinese features. The city has a status equivalent to a province, and reports directly to the central government. serving as the largest base of Chinese industrial technology, one of the most important seaports and China's largest commercial and financial center, Shanghai draws the attention of the whole world.
Shanghai storage and production of coal, oil and water; energy required depends on the support of the other provinces and cities. However, Shanghai has a certain quantity and high quality of "secondary energy" production; the main products are electricity, oil, oil products, coal and gas (including liquefied petroleum gas). Others can take advantage of development of energy and biogas, wind energy, tidal and solar power.
Shanghai neighboring with the East China Sea, is rich in fishery resources, according to statistics, there are various fish of 108, economic fish over more than 20 of them in Shanghai. In addition, Shanghai is located in the mouth of Yangtze River, the River is wide and intersection of sea and fresh water, as well as natural lakes rivers, abundant of snails and oyster are span on the river bottom, it provides a good conditions for freshwater aquaculture.
The bridges connected Pudong and Puxi marks the development of construction process and also creative a foundation for common prosperity for both sides of the Huangpu River. In 1971, Songpu Bridge was completed, it rewriting the history of no bridge on Huangpu River before, on December 1st, 1991, the second bridge-Nanpu Bridge was open to the public, in October 1993, the Yangpu bridge was completed, until now, there are 6 bridges was build crossing over Huangpu River. While in September 1970, Dapulu Tunnel is completed, the development of river channels makes significant changes of the financial trade zone-Lujiazui which is located n the city center. In November 1994, the Oriental Pearl TV Tower was completed, on March 18, 1999, Jin Mao Tower officially open for business. In 2008, China's tallest building-Shanghai World Financial center was opened for public. The same year, the Central Building is under planning, it is expected to become the new tallest building in China.
In 2010, the World Expo was opened in Shanghai. In addition, there are different kinds of exhibition held in Shanghai every year. Exhibition industry is become one of an important industry in Shanghai. In the Map of China which publish in 1949, Shanghai area occupies for 636 square kilometers. In 1958, 10 cities in Jiangsu Province: Jiading, Baoshan, Songjiang, Jinshan, Nanhui, Fengxian, Qingpu, Chuansha, and Chongming are classify as Shanghai, Shanghai municipal districts range up to 5,910 square kilometers. To the end of 2003, Shanghai area is up to 6340.5 square kilometers. The three island of Chongming, Changxing and Hengsha is all jurisdictions by Shanghai, Chongming Island, which covers more than 1000 square kilometers, is now regarding as the third largest island in China.
Shanghai is one of the most populated cities in China. It has a permanent resident population of 23,019,200, of which 12.21 million live in the urban areas. Shanghai population accounts for 1.1% of the Chinese population, with the average density of 2059 inhabitants per square kilometers (3854 in the urban areas). There is a huge floating population of itinerant workers, probably numbering two million.
According to the report of the fifth census in the year 2000, the population of the ethnic minority groups in Shanghai has reached 103,639. People of different minority nationalities are scattering all over Shanghai. Getting along well with people of Han nationality during the hundreds of years of developing process of Shanghai, they have made their lives better and better by the sweat of their brow, and with the help of these respectable people’s profound intelligence and wisdom, Shanghai has been made one of the most developed district of China, a merry land with rich history and culture and an oriental bright pearl standing erectly in eastern Asia.
The permanent residents of Shanghai come from china's 44 ethnic groups. The Han nationality accounts for 99.53% of the total. the rest of them are mainly from Hui, Man, Mongolian nationalities and Zhuang. Among these who believe in religion, most are Islam. As far as the statistics of 1990 is concerned, among the eight ethnic groups (Hui, Uighur, Kazakh, Tartar etc.) out of 44 in Shanghai, some 50965 people (81.98% of the population of minority nationalities in Shanghai) practice Islam. Besides Islam, many ethnic groups in Shanghai have also believed in Buddhism after it was introduced from Tibet long ago. People draw strength from their religious faith and live a colorful life, from which many special customs are formed.
Shanghai is an international city that melts with different cultures from all over the world; we call it Shanghai Regional Culture. Shanghai Culture is original from Traditional Chinese Culture and melted with the Wu and Yue Dynasty Culture, and with a deep affected by Western Culture. Shanghai created a new regional culture, with its unique characteristic, it feather in absorb culture from all over the world, good at abandon and pursuit excellent and innovation. The basic characteristic of this culture are more opening, creative and diversity.
Banking on the large industrial centers and large projects, the city’s industries achieved continued growth rate. In 2005, Shanghai realized an industrial added value of 415.523 billion Yuan, 1.4 times from 2000 base on the statistic; it is representing an average annual growth rate up to 17%. totally, the heavy industrial sector made up for 291.293 billion Yuan while light industrial sector accounted for 108.175 billion Yuan. The city's total industrial output value is reached to 1,687.678 billion Yuan, up 1.4 times from 2000 base on the statistic history; it means an average annual growth of 19.2%.
Shanghai has further enhanced of the functions of the financial and insurance services. By the end of 2005, the added value in this sector totaled 68.987 billion Yuan, base on 7.5% of the city's GDP. In 2005, the People’s Bank of China founded its Shanghai headquarters, pushing the city a solid step forward toward becoming one of the world’s financial centers. AS of the end of 2005, the balance of deposit accounts of all financial institutions in the city is totally of 2,332.086 billion Yuan, and the balance of loans was 1,679.812 billion Yuan. The quality of their assets further improved. By the end of the year, the bad loan rate of the Chinese-owned financial institutions stood at 3.39%, representing a decrease of 0.58 percentage points from the beginning of the year. The insurance market enjoyed healthy growth. By the end of 2005, there were 70 insurance companies and 157 insurance brokerages in the city. They reported total premium revenue of 33.362 billion Yuan, up 8.8% from the previous year.
In 2008, the city’s IT industry reported a total added value of 167.052 billion Yuan, up 14.2% from the previous year. The added value of the IT manufacturing sector reached 94.461 billion Yuan, representing a year-on-year growth of 11.2%. The added value of IT products sales reached 3.527 billion Yuan, up 21% and that of IT service businesses 69.064 billion Yuan, up 18.4%.
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